Chinese Vocabulary Study Guide- Yao

Chinese vocabulary study guide - 要 how and where to use 要. Chinese4kids | Chineselearning |Chinesevocabulary |vocabularystudyguide #Chinese4kids #Chineselearning #Chinesegrammar #Chinesevocabulary #studyguide

In this Chinese vocabulary study guide, we are about to talk about 要 (yào), which basically means “want”. As an auxiliary verb, it often comes before main verbs to help express a tone . 要 has several meanings which sometimes can only be determined by the context in which it is used.

Expressing “Want” with 要

When used to express “want something”, 要 is often used when ordering food or buying something.

The sentence structure is

Subj. + 要 + Noun

For Example,

Nǐ yào shénme?
What do you want?

Wǒ yào yībēi chá.
I want a cup of tea.

Tāmen yào sān gè píngguǒ hé liǎng gè júzi.
They want 3 apples and 2 mandarins.

Expressing “Want to do something” with 要

要 needs to be put in front of the other verb when used to express “want to do something”.

Sentence structure is

Subj. + 要 + verb

For example,

Wǒ yào xué zhōngwén.
I want to learn Chinese.

Tā lèile, yào xiūxí.
She is tired, she wants to rest.

Tā yào huíguó kàn bàba māmā.
He wants to go back to home country to visit his parents.

Expressing “Be Going to Do Something” with 要

Behind this usage of 要 is that somebody is planning to or going to do something. The action will happen as it is in the plan. For this reason, a time word is often included.

Sentence structure is

Subj. + time + 要 + verb

Time + Subj. + 要 + verb

For example,

Tā míngnián yào qù lúndūn shàng dàxué.
He is going to go to London to attend a university next year.

Wǒ mèimei bā yuè yào qù bālí.
My younger sister is going to Paris in August.

Zhège zhōumò nǐ yào zuò shénme?
What are you going to do this weekend?

Fàngxué hòu wǒmen yào qù túshū guǎn.
After school we are going to the library.

Expressing “Need to do something” with 要

This usage of 要 extends the meaning of “want to do something” to “it is necessary to do something / need to do something.”

Sentence Structure

Subj. + 要 + verb

For example,

Nǐ yào zǎodiǎn shuìjiào.
You need to go to bed earlier.

Xiàwǔ xià yǔ, nǐ yào dài sǎn.
It rains in the afternoon. You need to take an umbrella.

Míngtiān kǎoshì, wǎnshàng nǐ yào fùxí.
You have an exam tomorrow, you need to review tonight.

Negative Commands with 不要

不要means “don’t (do something)”. Please note, although the pinyin for 不要 is “bùyào”, it should be pronounced as “búyào”.

Sentence Structure is

不要 + verb

For example,

Bùyào kū.
Don’t cry.

Bùyào dānxīn.
Don’t worry.

Bùyào chōuyān.
Don’t smoke.

Bùyào hěn wǎn shuìjiào.
Don’t go to bed very late.

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Chinese vocabulary study guide - 要 how and where to use 要. Chinese4kids | Chineselearning |Chinesevocabulary |vocabularystudyguide #Chinese4kids #Chineselearning #Chinesegrammar #Chinesevocabulary #studyguide

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